1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów, Lubliniec is one of the three special operations forces currently operating within the Polish military's structure.
The unit refers with its traditions to the history of the 2nd Commando Battalion of the Special Motorised Battalion and the Sabotage Battalions like Parasol, Zoska, Miotla and Czata. The unit is characterised by very high training levels owing to the special training system introduced in Polish units for several years now.
Thanks to the unit’s high recruiting standards, and a special training program the Regiment implemented several years ago, the unit’s soldiers display a higher level of skill and professionalism, when compared to other Polish forces. The Regiment’s troops are trained to undertake a wide range of special missions during war time, with it’s troops being capable of conducting air assault, helicopter, and parachute operations (including HALO and HAHO operations); strategic and tactical reconnaissance operations; raids and ambushes; combat diver and underwater attack missions; providing support to other specialist units during hostage rescue operations; and other missions as deemed necessary. During their deployment to Iraq in 2003, 1PSK troops also conducted close protection duties for various high ranking military officials and civilian VIPs.
Candidates wishing to service in the Regiment must first successfully undertake a basic military training course. They then move on to three-month “Junior Specialist” training course. During this phase recruits receive training in close combat, unarmed combat, fighting with specialized equipment, parachuting, land navigation, weapons handling, basic survival, and several other military related skills. Those troops who successfully complete the second phase then move onto the Regiment, where they assigned to one the unit’s six-man operational teams. Once there additional training continues (mountain and cold weather training, sniper, amphibious operations, etc.).
- Primary mission: Special Reconnaissance
- Secondary mission: Unconventional warfare
Raised and Disbanded
- Raised: World War II
- Two Special Battalions, each special battalion consists of three special companies (nine-man teams).
- Lubliniec, Poland